Although WordPress started as ‘just’ a blogging system, it has since developed into a full content management system enabling individuals, small businesses all the way through to the largest organisations to use it for powering their websites.
It’s popularity derives in part from its easy to learn and use interface, rich functionality (provided through a host of add-on plugin options) and search engine friendly design.
And it’s free!
Here we show where to download WordPress and how to install it for yourself, following the full hands-on manual approach to installation which provides greatest control over the installation process with greater attention to security.
Video Transcript :
A Step by Step Guide on how to Install WordPress Manually.
Download the WordPress File
We’re going to be installing WordPress on our own website server, so we want to go to WordPress.org to download the latest version of the software.
Beware of going to WordPress.com by mistake which is where you would sign up to build a WordPress blog that is hosted at WordPress.
We’re looking to install WordPress on our own server and manage it completely ourselves.
So let’s go back to WordPress.org and carry on with the download of the latest version from there. When the download is complete we can then go to the cPanel for the website and start the installation of WordPress.
Create a MySQL Database
The first thing we need to do is to create a MySQL database and user using the MySQL Database Wizard in the cPanel databases section. You should make a note of, or copy, the database name, username and password into a text file as we’ll need those later on when we come to install WordPress.
We create the user, give them all privileges, add them to the database, and that’s the MySQL database for the WordPress installation completed.
Upload the WordPress File
We now go and open the File Manager in cPanel, click on the public_html folder, then click the upload button, find the WordPress file we just downloaded, and upload it to that public_html folder.
When it’s completed uploading, go back to the main File Manager screen, refresh the folder list and there is our uploaded WordPress file.
Now click the extract button to unzip the file. The files are all in the WordPress Folder shown, so we open it up, highlight all the files and drag them up the public_html folder.
Refresh that and there are all the files. Now we can just tidy things up by deleting the empty folder left behind and the original zip file too.
Edit the Wp-config file
The next step is to rename the file wp-config-sample.php to be just wp-config.php – like this.
Then we edit this file to include the database name, the database user and the password of the MySQL Database we created earlier.
Further down this file, we then edit and replace the phrases for the Authentication Unique Keys and Salts.
The easiest way to do this is to open a new window and go to https://api.wordpress.org/secret-key/1.1/salt/ where a complete set of phrases will be automatically generated for you.
Copy these and paste them over the existing ones in the wp-config file.
The final edit to this file is to amend the WordPress Database Table Prefix to something other than the default wp_ as a means to improve the security of the installation.
That’s the editing finished, so we save those changes and close that.
Run the WordPress Install Script
Now let’s complete the installation by running the WordPress installation script on our site by going to our http://www.domain-name.com/wp-admin/install.php (where you obviously replace domain-name.com with your own site’s domain name).
We’ll enter our desired site title that will be displayed by default at the top of the site, our user name which, for better security, should be anything other than the default of admin, a password and an appropriate email address.
You may also wish to make keep your site private from search engines until you’re ready for them to spider it by checking the Privacy box.
Click the Install button and we’re done.
Now we can login to our new WordPress site with the username and password we just chose – and we’re ready to play!
And that’s the full manual procedure for installing WordPress in less than 5 minutes!
Authentication Keys and Salts – Phrases Generator: https://api.wordpress.org/secret-key/1.1/salt/